If you just had your first glass of wine, or if you are already an avid wine drinker, you know that wine is full of wonders that sometimes it can be confusing and daunting to delve more about the sophisticated fermented beverage. Luckily, learning about wine is not as complicated as it seems. That said, here is a beginner’s guide to wine.

Understanding the wine process

Before you sip down your favorite Merlot, do you know how it is made? Winemakers apply different methods, but for the most part, there are five basic steps.

  • Picking the grapes – There are two ways to harvest grapes. They can be either collected by hands or through the use of a machine. Some wine manufacturers, especially those who are in warmer climates prefer harvesting at night to ensure that the grape sugar levels are stable. The grapes are gathered with stems, leaves and sticks in tact.
  • Crushing the fruit – During this step, a destemmer is applied to remove unnecessary stems, as well as to lightly extract the grape juice. For white grapes, the skin is left behind. Red wine grapes, likewise, retain their skins. The retention of the skin imparts the red color of red wines, otherwise, red grapes would be white wine.
  • Fermenting – Fermentation simply means that sugar is converted to alcohol. During this stage, a variety of techniques are applied. Generally, winemakers add yeast to bolster the fermentation process.
  • Aging – Just like fermenting, the wine can be subjected to different aging procedures. Some wines are aged in stainless steel, while others are placed in oak. Whatever aging measure is applied, it can affect the final flavour of the wine. The average aging of red wine is two years while white wine is under a year.
  • Packaging – Once the wine has been aged, the last step is to bottle the wine.

Where to get wine?

When you are looking to get a bottle of Sauvignon Blanc for your anniversary or other important celebration, it seems logical to drop by at your nearest local grocery or liquor store. But, if your local wine merchant rarely stocks your favorite red wine, you can consider buying wine online. Besides a larger wine choice, online wine stores can give you a better and more convenient deal. Advintage, an online wine retailer, even offers a hassle-free wine delivery in NZ.

Most Common Wine Varieties

Whether you are ordering online or going to your local wine shop, you should know what wine you should get. Here are six common wine varieties in the market.

  • Chardonnay – If you are looking for the perfect wine to complement a roast chicken, Chardonnay is the perfect choice. It has a creamy flavour with hints of vanilla for a buttery taste and feel in the mouth.
  • Riesling – Reisling is ideal for those who has a sweet tooth. It provides a delectable and fruity taste of apple, ideal to pair with spicy meals.
  • Merlot – Merlot is one of the most favorite wines. It has a straightforward fruitiness with a lighter and smoother body.
  • Sauvignon Blanc – It is a light-bodied white wine famous for its honeydew melon and passion fruit flavour with a zing of zest.
  • Cabernet Sauvignon – It is a full-bodied red wine with a rich and bold flavour. It ages well because of its high level of tannins.
  • Pinot Noir – This wine is admired for its silky texture and light body. It complements almost any dish.

Photo Credit